→ Assessment-based learning: incorporate the information to remember into the answer
Drills are assessment-based: people learn by answering questions and remembering the associated feedback. So, make sure you incorporate the message people need to retain in the answers. Try to avoid yes/no questions and true/false questions as much as possible. Check below to find out how it’s done!
Yes/no questions, we’re all familiar with them. And true/false questions, ‘which is incorrect’ questions, and questions with statements are also commonly used. However, these are not the ideal way to supply someone with the information he or she needs to remember. So what’s our advice?
Assessment-based learning means that people take in information by answering questions. Not by going through large sections of text, but by actively processing information. To make this happen, incorporate the message people need to retain in the answer options. Avoid yes/no questions and true/false questions, as people will then not remember what is true or why it is true. Luckily, you, as an instructional designer, are in a position to help people learn as efficiently as possible by presenting the important information as an answer option. If this all sounds a bit too abstract for you, take a look at the example below!
When you use a question about what people should not do in a certain situation, you run the risk of producing an unwanted learning effect, because the brain will still store this incorrect information somewhere. And then, when the moment comes that someone has to make a decision as to what to do, their brain might just retrieve that incorrect information and they might consequently do the wrong thing. They may then do what they should not do, instead of what they should do. Here’s an example of what we mean →
In this question, the information to be remembered is fully reflected in the answer: ’30 breast compressions’.
This yes/no question is not ideal for transferring knowledge. Try to avoid this as much as possible.
The attentive reader sees that we secretly give examples of how not to do it ourselves… unfortunately, we could not avoid it. Hopefully, this will make it clearer what you have to do!
With the 10 drill design principles, we help you on your way to designing the perfect drills. These tips will help you create the best questions based on educational design principles and ensure an effective learning process and well-anchored knowledge. Click on one of the other 9 design principles for more information and clear examples per design principle.
Cut your learning material up into small chunks. Microlearning is effective and motivates learners →
Focus on information that people really need to remember. Use drills to anchor crucial knowledge →
Add a story to your drill. This will allow you to contextualize the sets of questions and give people relevant information →
Limit each question to one piece of information that people need to remember. Especially for adaptive learning, short and relevant questions are the most effective →
Use the feedback option to explain answers. This will help people grasp and remember the material quickly →
Use different types of questions and answers, such as open-ended, multiple-choice, hotspot and sequence questions. Also use images, videos and audio clips →
When you ask about one and the same learning element in different ways, you will make sure the information is processed actively and, therefore, remembered better →
Set learning goals for drills and courses to make sure people brush up on time. Also add the latest information to keep your drills up to date. Check below to find out how it’s done →
Optimize learners' commitment by keeping them motivated. Communicate why drills are so important →
Don’t have the time or resources to make good drills yourself? Find out how we can help!