→ Use positive feedback: explain which answer is correct and why
Use the feedback option to explain answers. This will help people grasp and remember the material quickly. Focus on what people do have to remember, instead of on what is false. Check below to find out how it’s done!
As indicated for design principle 5, the brain stores information, even when the information is inaccurate. Therefore, our advice was to incorporate the correct information into the answer option and to avoid yes/no questions. The concept of giving positive feedback follows on from this.
The drill editor offers a feedback option to give people feedback on their (correct or incorrect) answers. Use this feedback option, it is an indispensable part of assessment-based learning. It will help people progress and it stimulates knowledge development. Always put the focus on the correct information. Explain why a certain answer is true, regardless of whether this was the answer the learner selected. Prevent unwanted learning effects by not going into incorrect information. It is better to keep confronting learners with what they should be remembering. Do not get bogged down in long sections of text, but keep the feedback brief and to the point. Take a look at the examples below →
In putting together feedback, focus on information that people do have to retain: focus on the right information. The underlying science is that people remember feedback, even when it’s about incorrect information. When you provide feedback explaining why something is false, people will remember something they shouldn’t remember… an unwanted learning effect. Try to prevent this by making the feedback about why a different answer is correct. Also, take a look at the example below.
When feedback is shown immediately after the learner has answered a question, they will be more likely to retain the information. Why? Because the brain takes it as a kind of reward. Your brain doesn’t want to get things wrong, making it more important to store feedback, so that you will be able to produce the correct answer next time. Besides, information is easier to remember when it is truly understood. All in all, positive feedback will make knowledge stick.
This example clearly indicates what should have been the right answer. A video has been added for clarification.
Of course you can also give feedback with a correct answer. This is useful, for example, when people guess the answer correctly. The fact that they have a correct answer does not necessarily mean that they actually had the knowledge on hand. This way they still get an explanation.
With the 10 drill design principles, we help you on your way to designing the perfect drills. These tips will help you create the best questions based on educational design principles and ensure an effective learning process and well-anchored knowledge. Click on one of the other 9 design principles for more information and clear examples per design principle.
Cut your learning material up into small chunks. Microlearning is effective and motivates learners →
Focus on information that people really need to remember. Use drills to anchor crucial knowledge →
Add a story to your drill. This will allow you to contextualize the sets of questions and give people relevant information →
Limit each question to one piece of information that people need to remember. Especially for adaptive learning, short and relevant questions are the most effective →
Drills are assessment-based: learning by answering questions and remembering feedback. Incorporate the message people need to remember in the answers →
Use different types of questions and answers, such as open-ended, multiple-choice, hotspot and sequence questions. Also use images, videos and audio clips →
When you ask about one and the same learning element in different ways, you will make sure the information is processed actively and, therefore, remembered better →
Set learning goals for drills and courses to make sure people brush up on time. Also add the latest information to keep your drills up to date. Check below to find out how it’s done →
Optimize learners' commitment by keeping them motivated. Communicate why drills are so important →
Don’t have the time or resources to make good drills yourself? Find out how we can help!